We are calling for policymakers worldwide to take in the scientific knowledge synthesized in the 10 Must Knows from Biodiversity Science (10MustKnows) to inform much needed policies. At the UN Biodiversity Conference in Montréal in December, your decisive action is needed to halt the man-made extinction of species and to strengthen biodiversity. The 10MustDos are intended to support you in taking such action by proposing solutions that can be implemented with immediate effect.

Find corresponding literature references under "Read more".

MustDo10: Did you know that up to 143 billion US dollars are invested in biodiversity conservation worldwide every year ...

... but that private investments of 2.6 trillion US dollars and public subsidies of 500 billion US dollars simultaneously damage or even destroy biodiversity [1,2,3,4]? We demand the abolishment of harmful subsidies and the provision of incentives for the economic and finance sector to invest in protecting and conserving biodiversity. To achieve this, the social costs of ecosystem services and biodiversity loss must be assessed monetarily and then entered into national accounts (e. g. gross national product). This also applies for outsourced biodiversity losses such as the loss of species resulting from imports to Germany.


[1] Dasgupta (2021). The economics of biodiversity: the Dasgupta review: full report. (London, HM Treasury). ISBN:978-1-911680-29-1

[2] OECD (2020). A Comprehensive Overview of Global Biodiversity Finance. (https://www.oecd.org/environment/resources/biodiversity/report-a-comprehensive-overview-of-global-biodiversity-finance.pdf). Last access: 7.11.22

[3] OECD (2019). Biodiversity: Finance and the Economic and Business
Case for Action. (https://www.oecd.org/env/resources/biodiversity/biodiversity-finance-and-the-economic-and-business-case-for-action.htm). Last access: 7.11.22

[4] Portfolio Earth (2021). Bankrolling Extinction: The banking sector’s role in the global biodiversity crisis. (https://portfolio.earth/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Bankrolling-Extinction-Report.pdf). Last access: 7.11.22