The Leibniz Research Network Biodiversity (Leibniz Biodiversity) bundles and networks the expertise of 18 Leibniz institutions in the environmental, life, spatial, social, humanities and economic sciences.

The scientists at the participating institutions record and explore the biological diversity of life and develop socially relevant solutions for the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity through interdisciplinary research. Access to genetic resources and equitable benefit sharing (ABS) are also addressed. Equally, the Leibniz Biodiversity members are committed to the transfer of information for politics and society in order to raise awareness of the progressive loss of biodiversity and to strengthen the overall appreciation of biodiversity in society.

Since its foundation in 2008 (based on an initiative from the institutions; the former Leibniz Research Alliance Biodiversity (LVB) was founded as the first Leibniz Research Alliance), Leibniz Biodiversity has been a pioneer in the development of global and regional models in the field of climate and land use and also offers comprehensive expertise in molecular biodiversity genomics in central facilities. Another unique feature are the natural science research museums, whose biological collections contain a total of more than 70 million collection items and thus offer a unique knowledge base for biodiversity research.